Personal care products (PCPs) constitute a large group of emerging environmental pollutants, potentially hazardous compounds that have been receiving steadily growing attention over the last decade. Because of the lipophilic properties of these substances, it is expected that they can reach and accumulate in tissues of aquatic organisms in different trophic levels. Their continuous environmental input may lead to a high long-term concentration and promote continual but unnoticed adverse effects on aquatic and terrestrial organisms.
This chapter summarizes the developed analytical procedures for the analysis of four important different families of PCPs: UV filters, synthetic musk fragrances, antimicrobials, and parabens. Sampling extraction and preparation, instrumental analysis, and method performance have been considered and discussed. The present work also summarizes the available data on the presence of these substances in biota samples, providing ranges of concentration for the different compounds in the species that have been evaluated in each study.
Analysis Antimicrobials Biota Fragrances Occurrence Parabens Personal care products UV filters
2-Amino musk ketone
2-Amino musk xylene
4-Amino musk xylene
Atmospheric pressure chemical ionization
Atmospheric pressure photoionization
Dispersive solid-phase extraction
Electron capture detector
Gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector
Gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry
Gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry
Gas chromatography coupled to negative chemical ionization mass spectrometry
Gel permeation chromatography
Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry
Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Authors acknowledge the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, project SCARCE (Consolider Ingenio 2010 CSD2009-00065), and the Generalitat de Catalunya (Water and Soil Quality Research Group 2014 SGR 418).