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Ozonation as an Advanced Treatment Technique for the Degradation of Personal Care Products in Water

  • Kristof DemeestereEmail author
  • Pablo Gago-Ferrero
  • Herman Van Langenhove
  • M. Silvia Díaz-Cruz
  • Damià Barceló
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 36)

Abstract

Water is the most essential element to life on Earth. However, the availability and quality of the global water resources are at risk because many stressors of human origin are putting pressure on it. The contamination of water bodies (lakes, rivers, aquifers and oceans) occurs when man-made chemicals are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds, affecting organisms living in these aquatic ecosystems. As new compounds are produced and ultimately detected in the environment, improved water treatment techniques have to be available for their elimination. For the degradation of a wide range of emerging organic micropollutants, last year’s advanced oxidation techniques have proven to be quite effective. In this chapter, we focus on the capabilities of ozonation to eliminate personal care products (PCPs) from water. Fundamentals and major mechanisms of ozonation are presented, along with an overview of its main application for the removal of several PCPs, with a more detailed section on benzophenone-3 degradation and by-products. Finally, some considerations as regards the economic cost of implementing tertiary treatment techniques like ozonation in wastewater treatment plants are pointed out.

Keywords

Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) Benzophenones By-products Ozonation Personal care products (PCPs) 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristof Demeestere
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pablo Gago-Ferrero
    • 2
    • 3
  • Herman Van Langenhove
    • 1
  • M. Silvia Díaz-Cruz
    • 3
  • Damià Barceló
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, Research Group EnVOC, Faculty of Bioscience EngineeringGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Analytical ChemistryNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ChemistryIDAEA, CSICBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA)Parc Científic i Tecnològic de la Universitat de GironaGironaSpain

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