Survey of Personal Care Products in the United States

  • Melody J. BernotEmail author
  • James R. Justice
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 36)


In 2013, the United States had a population of ~316 million people, increasing 2.4% from 2010, with 13.7% of the population 65 years or older. Coupled with population growth and an aging population is an increase in the development and use of personal care products (PCPs). With 4.7% of global freshwater resources in the United States, freshwater resources and services are influenced by increasing abundance of PCPs which have been detected in freshwaters throughout the United States. Though a majority of the studies on PCPs in freshwaters globally have been conducted in the United States, a predictive understanding of PCP abundance and fate remains lacking. Compounds commonly detected in US freshwaters at high detection frequencies (>50%) include antimicrobials, fragrances, insect repellants, and UV blockers.


Anthropogenic pollutants Groundwater Personal care products Surface waters Trace organic contaminants Wastewater 



We thank Randy Bernot for helpful comments and Allison Veach, Aubrey Bunch, Patrick Ferguson, Amanda Jarvis, Jee Hwan Lee, and the Bernot Laboratory for discussions on PCPs that aided in development of this synthesis.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyBall State UniversityMuncieUSA

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