The OASIS Observatory Using Ground-Based Solar Absorption Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in the Suburbs of Paris (Créteil-France)

  • P. ChelinEmail author
  • C. Viatte
  • M. Ray
  • M. Eremenko
  • J. Cuesta
  • F. Hase
  • J. Orphal
  • J.-M. Flaud
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 32)


Ground-based Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) solar absorption spectroscopy has led to a number of significant advances in our understanding of the atmosphere by providing information on the vertical distribution of various trace gases. Previously used to analyse solar absorption spectra measured at high-resolution in unpolluted sites, the retrieval code PROFFIT has been adapted to deal with spectra recorded at medium spectral resolution with a Bruker Optics Vertex 80 FTIR spectrometer. As one of the major instruments of the experimental observatory named OASIS (Observations of the Atmosphere by Solar Infrared Spectroscopy), this instrument is dedicated to the study of air composition in the suburbs of Paris. Accurate measurements of the most important atmospheric pollutants are indeed essential to improve the understanding and modelling of urban air pollution processes. Located in an urban region, OASIS enables to monitor key pollutants such as NOx, O3, CO and VOCs. In this chapter, 5 years intercomparison study with on-ground and satellite measurements for O3 and CO is reported, demonstrating the performances of a medium-resolution ground-based instrument and especially confirming its capability for tropospheric ozone monitoring.


Air quality in megacity Carbon monoxide IR spectroscopy Ozone Remote sensing Solar occultation 



Differential optical absorption spectroscopy


Degrees of freedom


Deuterated triglycine sulphate


Dobson unit


Earth observing system


European Space Agency


Fourier-transform infrared


Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2


High-resolution transmission molecular absorption database


Infrared Atmospheric Sounder Interferometer


Instrumental line shape




Local area network


Meteorological operational polar satellite


Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding


Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere


Measurements of ozone and water vapour by in-service airbus aircraft programme


Mean relative difference


National Aeronautics and Space Administration


National Centers for Environment Prediction


Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change


Observations of the atmosphere by solar infrared spectroscopy


Ozone Monitoring Instrument


Système d’Analyse par Observation Zénithale


Total Carbon Column Observing Network


Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer



The authors wish to thank F. Goutail for SAOZV2 data, AirParif for in situ data, the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center for providing the temperature and pressure profiles of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). The ETHER French atmospheric database ( is acknowledged for providing the IASI data. We are also grateful to the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) and the Monitoring of the Atmospheric Composition and Climate (MACC) project for supplying data. Acknowledgements are addressed to the University of Paris-Est Créteil for their technical support during all phases of the OASIS observatory installation.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Chelin
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Viatte
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Ray
    • 1
  • M. Eremenko
    • 1
  • J. Cuesta
    • 1
  • F. Hase
    • 3
  • J. Orphal
    • 1
    • 3
  • J.-M. Flaud
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Inter-Universitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA) CNRS UMR 7583Université Paris-Est Créteil, Université Paris Diderot, Institut Pierre-Simon LaplaceCréteil CedexFrance
  2. 2.Division of Geological and Planetary SciencesCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research (IMK)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany

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