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Livestock Waste: Fears and Opportunities

  • Jesús Ma Martín-MarroquínEmail author
  • Dolores Hidalgo
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 32)

Abstract

One of the common tendencies of livestock activities in developed countries is to intensify the animal production and to increase the size of the production units. High animal density is always accompanied by production of a surplus of manure, representing a considerable pollution threat for the environment in these areas. Intensive animal production needs therefore suitable manure management, aiming to optimise their recycling. Treatment technologies can play an important role in the management of livestock manure by providing a more flexible approach to land application and acreage limitations, and by solving specific problems such as odours, pathogens, water pollution, ammonia emissions, greenhouse gas emissions, and phosphorus and heavy metal contamination of soils. Treatment can be enhanced with the use of biological, chemical, and physical methodologies, especially in combination as part of holistic systems. This chapter discusses sustainable treatment practices, emerging technologies, and holistic systems to solve related problems and to provide direction on animal waste treatment systems of the future.

Keywords

Animal waste Livestock Manure Nutrient recycling Waste valorisation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge support of this work by the LIFE+ Program under the responsibility of the Directorate General for the Environment of the European Commission through the agreement LIFE 12 ENV/ES/000727-REVAWASTE project.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jesús Ma Martín-Marroquín
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dolores Hidalgo
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CARTIF Technology Centre, Parque Tecnológico de BoecilloValladolidSpain
  2. 2.ITAP InstituteUniversity of ValladolidValladolidSpain

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