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Removal of Organic Pollutants from Industrial Wastewater by Treatment with Oxidoreductase Enzymes

  • Edelmira ValeroEmail author
  • María-Isabel González-Sánchez
  • María-Teresa Pérez-Prior
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 32)

Abstract

Removal of persistent organic pollutants in wastewaters of industrial origin is an increasingly relevant issue in industrialized countries that needs addressing. Remarkable research efforts have been made for the development and implementation of new efficient and eco-friendly treatments capable of reducing, or even eliminating, toxic compounds in effluents prior to their disposal. Enzymatic methods appear to be a promising technology for this task, with a minor impact on ecosystems as compared to physicochemical methods. The applicability of such technology has been explicitly demonstrated in a huge number of publications and patents registered to date.

The present chapter focuses on the application of oxidoreductase enzymes in industrial wastewaters treatment. Numerous redox enzymes, including peroxidases, tyrosinases, and laccases from different sources, and even hemoglobin from animal blood have exhibited their potential for the remediation of a broad spectrum of recalcitrant organic compounds. However the implementation of this technology on an industrial scale still needs further research. Here the most important aspects about the current situation of the subject and future perspectives for the use of redox enzymes in industrial wastewaters treatment are highlighted.

Keywords

Aromatic pollutants Immobilization Industrial wastewater Oxidation Oxidoreductase enzymes 

Abbreviations

BOD

Biochemical oxygen demand

BPA

Bisphenol A

CLEAs

Cross-linked enzyme aggregates

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

CoI

Compound I of peroxidase

CoII

Compound II of peroxidase

CPO

Chloroperoxidase

EDCs

Endocrine disrupting compounds

Hb

Hemoglobin

HRP

Horseradish peroxidase

LiP

Lignin peroxidase

metHb

metHemoglobin

MnP

Manganese peroxidase

PAHs

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PCBs

Polychlorinated biphenyls

PCDDs

Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins

PCDFs

Polychlorinated dibenzofurans

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

POPs

Persistent organic pollutants

QSAR

Quantitative structure–activity relationship

SBP

Soya bean peroxidase

US EPA

United States Environmental Protection Agency

WRF

White-rot fungi

WWT

Wastewater treatment

WWTPs

Wastewater treatment plants

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edelmira Valero
    • 1
    Email author
  • María-Isabel González-Sánchez
    • 1
  • María-Teresa Pérez-Prior
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physical Chemistry, School of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of Castilla-La ManchaAlbaceteSpain
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and Chemical EngineeringUniversity Carlos III of MadridMadridSpain

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