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Analysis of Personal Care Products in Sediments and Soils

  • Sarah Montesdeoca-Esponda
  • Tanausú Vega-Morales
  • Zoraida Sosa-Ferrera
  • José Juan Santana-RodríguezEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 36)

Abstract

Sample extraction and preparation methods are described for the most relevant groups of personal care products (PCPs) (disinfectants, fragrances, preservatives, UV filters and stabilisers) in solid samples from aquatic environments. The extraction methodologies have been separated into two groups, conventional and novel procedures, to compare the improvements and advantages implemented in recent years to produce more efficient and simple methods. The difficulties related to the treatment of solid samples and to complex matrices are discussed in depth. The analytical methods employed after the extraction procedures, all of which are based on mass spectrometry detection, are also covered. Finally, an overview of the measured concentration of these families of PCPs in the environment is provided, which can be useful in the establishment of future trends.

Keywords

Extraction techniques Gas chromatography Liquid chromatography Personal care products Solid samples 

Abbreviations

1H-BT

1H benzotriazole

2,2′,4,4′OH-BP

2,2′,4,4′-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone

2,2′OH-4MeO-BP

2,2′-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone

2,4,6-TCP

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol

2,4-DCP

2,4-Dichlorophenol

2,4OH-BP

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone

2OH-4MeO-BP

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxy-benzophenone

4-MBC

4-Methylbenzylidene camphor

4OH-BP

4-Hydroxybenzophenone

5Me-1H-BT

5-Methyl-1H-benzotriazole

ABDI

Celestolide or 4-acetyl-1,1-dimethyl-6-tert-butylindan

AHMI

Phantolide or 6-acetyl-1,1,2,3,3,5-hexamethylindan

AHTN

Tonalide or 7-acetyl-1,1,3,4,4,6–hexamethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene

Allyl-bzt

2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4-methyl-6-(2-propen-1-yl)-phenol

ATII

Traseolide or 5-acetyl-1,1,2,6-tetramethyl-3-isopropylindan

BH

Benzhydrol

BP

Benzophenone

BP-3

Benzophenone-3

BSTFA

N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide

BuP

Butylparaben

BZP

Benzophenone

BzP

Benzylparaben

BZS

2-Hydroxy-phenylmethyl ester benzoic acid

DHB

2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone

DHMB

2,2′-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone

DPMI

Cashmeran or 1,2,3,5,6,7-Hexahydro-1,1,2,3,3-pentamethyl-4H-inden-4-one

EHMC

Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate

EHS

Ethylhexyl salicylate

etocrylene; EC

Ethyl2-cyano-3,3-diphenylacrylate

EtP

Ethylparaben

HBP

4-Hydroxybenzophenone

HepP

Heptylparaben

HHCB

Galaxolid or 1,3,4,6,7,8-Hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylcyclopenta(g)-2-benzopyran

HMB

2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone

HMS

Homosalate

IAMC

Isoamyl methoxycinnamate

iPrP

Isopropylparaben)

MeP

Methylparaben

MK

Musk ketone or 4-tert-butyl-3,5-dinitro-2,6-dimethylacetophenone

MTBSTFA

N-(t-butyldimethylsilyl)-N-methyltrifluoroacetamide

MX

Musk xylene or 1-tert-butyl-3,5-di-methyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene

n-PrP

n-Propylparaben

Octocrylene; OC

2′-Ehylhexyl2-cyano-3,3-diphenylacrylate

Octyl Salicylate; OS

2-Ethylhexyl-2-hydroxybenzoate

ODPABA

Ethylhexyldimethyl p-aminobenzoate

PrP

Propylparaben

TBHPBT

2-(5-t-butyl-2-hydroxyphenyl) benzotriazole

THB

2,3,4-Trihydroxylbenzophenone

UV-120

2,4-Di-t-butylphenyl-3,5-Di-t-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate

UV-1577

2-(4,6-Diphenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2-yl)-5-[(hexyl) oxy]-phenol

UV-234

2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-bis(1-methyl-1-phenyl-ethyl)phenol

UV-320

2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-phenol

UV-326

2-(5-Chloro-2-benzotriazolyl)-6-tert-butyl-p-cresol

UV-327

2,4-Di-t-butyl-6-(5-chloro-2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)phenol

UV-328

2-(2′-Hydroxy-3′,5′-di-tert-amylphenyl) benzotriazole

UV-329

2-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl) phenol

UV-360

2-(Benzotriazol-2-yl)-6-[[3-(benzotriazol-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-5-(2,4,4-trimethylpentan-2-yl)phenyl]methyl]-4-(2,4,4-trimethylpentan-2-yl)phenol

UV-571

2-(Benzotriazol-2-yl)-6-dodecyl-4-methylphenol

UV-P

2-(2-Hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)-benzotriazole

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Montesdeoca-Esponda
    • 1
  • Tanausú Vega-Morales
    • 1
  • Zoraida Sosa-Ferrera
    • 1
  • José Juan Santana-Rodríguez
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de QuímicaUniversidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain

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