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Road Traffic: A Major Source of Particulate Matter in Europe

  • Fulvio Amato
  • Martijn Schaap
  • Cristina Reche
  • Xavier QuerolEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 26)

Abstract

Gaseous and particulate emissions from vehicles represent a major source of atmospheric pollution in cities. Recent research shows evidence of, along with the primary emissions from motor exhaust, important contributions from secondary (due to traffic-related organic/inorganic gaseous precursors) and primary particles due to wear and resuspension processes. Besides new and more effective (for NO x emissions) technologies, non-technological measures from local authorities are needed to improve urban air quality in Europe.

Keywords

NOx PM Primary Resuspension Secondary Wear 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fulvio Amato
    • 1
    • 2
  • Martijn Schaap
    • 1
  • Cristina Reche
    • 2
  • Xavier Querol
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.TNO, Built Environment and Geosciences, Department of Climate, Air and SustainabilityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, IDAEA, Spanish Research Council CSICBarcelonaSpain

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