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Air Quality in Urban Environments in the Eastern Mediterranean

  • A. KaranasiouEmail author
  • N. Mihalopoulos
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 26)

Abstract

The Eastern Mediterranean Basin, EMB, is characterised as an air pollution hotspot, located at a crossroad of air masses coming from Europe, Asia and Africa. The Eastern Mediterranean region is subject to several inputs of natural and anthropogenic pollutants that are generated from numerous regional and local sources. Pollution in the area results from industrial and traffic sources and domestic heating mostly from Europe, Balkans and the Black Sea. In addition dust storms coming mainly from the Sahara desert and to a lesser extent from the Middle East transport high quantities of mineral aerosols which increase significantly the levels of particulate matter. Forest fires and agricultural burning emissions are also affecting the area during the dry season. Moreover, marine aerosols and ship emissions originated from the highly busy shipping routes of the Mediterranean Sea are considered to be an important contributor to the EMB aerosol burden. Finally, other specific features of the Mediterranean Basin such as the high radiation intensity all year long and the high temperature significantly enhance the formation of secondary aerosols.

Keywords

Aerosol Emission sources Greece Mediterranean Basin Particulate matter Road dust Sahara dust Secondary aerosol Ship emissions 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Environmental Chemical Processes Laboratory, Department of ChemistryUniversity of CreteHeraklionGreece

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