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Source Apportionment of Airborne Dust in Germany: Methods and Results

  • U. QuassEmail author
  • A. C. John
  • T. A. J. Kuhlbusch
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 26)

Abstract

Methodologies and results of approaches used for the source apportionment of particulate matter in Germany are reviewed. Due to the relatively large number of interested parties and stakeholders, in particular the 16 German Federal States and the Federal Environment Agency, the information was found to be quite dispersed.

Based on the PM levels measured in the state monitoring networks the incremental increase of PM from rural to hot-spot conditions is one of the most widely investigated aspects. As a general conclusion a large-scale PM10 background contribution of ca. 50% appears to be typical, with the other 50% originating from urban and local (traffic, industrial) influences. Combination of this spatial information with emission registers reveal detailed information on the shares of the various sources; however, PM formation processes not included in the emission inventories as well as trans-boundary impacts are neglected in such analyses. Complementary information thus is provided by receptor models and chemical dispersion models, both showing significant importance of secondary aerosol formation and, especially in the eastern part of the country, transboundary intrusion.

Many source categories have been investigated in more detail and are presented in separate sections, as e.g. exhaust and non-exhaust traffic emissions and domestic wood combustion.

Keywords

Back-trajectories Chemical composition Chemical transport models Hot-spots Lenschow PM10 PMF Urban air 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Energy and Environmental Technology (IUTA e.V.), Air Quality & Sustainable Nanotechnology UnitDuisburgGermany

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