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The Llobregat pp 151-165 | Cite as

Inputs of Pharmaceuticals and Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in the Llobregat River Basin

  • Mira PetrovicEmail author
  • Damia Barceló
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 21)

Abstract

Pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) including natural and synthetic hormones and alkylphenolic compounds are two classes of organic contaminants found to be ubiquitous in the Llobregat river basin. This chapter summarizes the findings of several extensive monitoring studies conducted in order to evaluate the main sources and identify compounds present in the river water and sediment. WWTP outlets are identified as major contributors of these substances and although the load of pharmaceuticals and EDCs in WWTP outlets are considerably reduced after the treatment, still considerable concentrations are found in receiving river water. However, direct ecotoxicological effects are very difficult to estimate due to the great number and variety of factors, such as is the presence of other organic and inorganic contaminants and impact of other environmental stressors. However, two studies unequivocally confirmed that EDCs present in the Llobregat river have negative effect on the reproductive physiology of endogenous fish feral carp (Cyprinus carpio).

Keywords

Endocrine disrupting compounds Nonylphenol Pharmaceuticals Steroid hormones Wastewater treatment plants 

Abbreviations

AP1EOs

Alkylphenol monoethoxylates

APEOs

Alkyphenol ethoxylates

APs

Alkylphenols

DWTP

Drinking water treatment plant

EDCs

Endocrine disrupting compounds

LC–MS

Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

LOD

Limit of detection

NOEC

No-observed effect concentration

NP

Nonylphenols

NPECs

Nonylphenol carboxylates

NSAIDs

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

OP

Octylphenol

PhACs

Pharmaceutically active compounds

RYA

Recombinant yeast assay

VTG

Vitellogenin

WWTPs

Wastewater treatment plants

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA)Scientific and Technological Park of the University of GironaGironaSpain
  2. 2.Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA)BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ChemistryInstitute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC)BarcelonaSpain

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