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Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water

  • Aleksandra JelićEmail author
  • Mira Petrović
  • Damià Barceló
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 20)

Abstract

Pharmaceuticals are a group of emerging contaminants that has received noticeable attention over the past decade. Continual development of the advanced instruments and improved analytical methodologies made possible detection of these microcontaminants in low levels in different environmental matrices. Traces of pharmaceuticals have also been found in groundwater and surface water that are used for drinking water supply. Therefore, concern has been raised over the potential risk to human health from exposure to the pharmaceutical residues via drinking water. Still, there is no evidence that any serious risk could arise from low concentrations of pharmaceuticals found in drinking water. Anyhow, there is much more to be understood about long-term, low-level exposure to a mixture of pharmaceuticals and their metabolites. In the following chapter, we give a brief overview of the technologies commonly applied for drinking water treatment, with reference to pharmaceutical removal, and we review available literature data on the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in finished drinking water.

Keywords

Drinking water Occurrence Pharmaceuticals Removal 

Abbreviations

AOP

Advanced oxidation processes

DBP

Disinfection by-products

DWTP

Drinking water treatment plant

ED

Electrodialysis

EDC

Endocrine-disrupting compounds

GAC

Granular activated carbon

NF

Nanofiltration

NOM

Natural organic matter

NSAIDs

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

MF

Microfiltration

RO

Reverse osmosis

PAC

Powdered activated carbon

UF

Ultrafiltration

WWTP

Wastewater treatment plant

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aleksandra Jelić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mira Petrović
    • 2
    • 3
  • Damià Barceló
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA)GironaSpain
  3. 3.Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA)BarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.King Saud University (KSU)RiyadhSaudi Arabia

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