Human Exposure and Health Risks to Emerging Organic Contaminants

  • Adrian CovaciEmail author
  • Tinne Geens
  • Laurence Roosens
  • Nadeem Ali
  • Nele Van den Eede
  • Alin C. Ionas
  • Govindan Malarvannan
  • Alin C. Dirtu
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 20)


We have reviewed the human exposure to selected emerging organic contaminants, such new brominated flame retardants, organophosphate flame retardants, phthalate substitutes, triclosan, synthetic musks, bisphenol-A, perchlorate, and polycyclic siloxanes. Levels of these emerging contaminants in matrices relevant for human exposure (air, dust, food, water, etc.) and in human matrices (blood, urine, or tissues) have been reviewed, together with some of the relevant health effects reported recently.


Emerging contaminants Flame retardants Human exposure Human health Personal care products Phthalates Review 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrian Covaci
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tinne Geens
    • 1
  • Laurence Roosens
    • 1
  • Nadeem Ali
    • 1
  • Nele Van den Eede
    • 1
  • Alin C. Ionas
    • 1
  • Govindan Malarvannan
    • 1
  • Alin C. Dirtu
    • 1
  1. 1.Toxicological CentreUniversity of AntwerpWilrijk-AntwerpBelgium

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