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Additives and Other Hazardous Compounds in Electronic Products and Their Waste

  • Jenny WesterdahlEmail author
  • Mohammed Belhaj
  • Tomas Rydberg
  • John Munthe
  • Rosa Mari Darbra
  • Alba Àgueda
  • Susanne Heise
  • Lou Ziyang
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 18)

Abstract

The demand for electronic equipment in society is increasing not only as a result of higher living standards around the world but also due to fashion. Many electronic articles are today disposed of before the end of their technical lifetime since they have become outdated. Each year, electronic products are sold for a value of more than $1 trillion. In electronic equipment, there are various compounds that are hazardous to both the environment and human health, such as various metals and organic compounds. These compounds may be emitted from the products during its life cycle. The end-of-life phase has been identified as problematic with respect to emissions of these potentially hazardous additives. The risk caused by the end-of-life treatment of electronic and electric waste can be minimized if treated under controlled condition. If the treatment is under uncontrolled conditions, as in the informal e-waste system in Asia and Africa, there is a large risk that negative effects will occur with regard to human health and the environment.

Keywords

Electronic products WEEE ROHS Additives Hazardous substances TPP PBDE Pb Risks 

Abbreviations

CRT

Cathode ray tube

IDG

International Data Group

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

LCD

Liquid crystal display

MCV

Maximum concentration value

MPPI

Mobile Phone Partnership Initiative

PBDE

Polybrominated diphenyl ether

TPP

Triphenyl phosphate

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jenny Westerdahl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammed Belhaj
    • 1
  • Tomas Rydberg
    • 1
  • John Munthe
    • 1
  • Rosa Mari Darbra
    • 2
  • Alba Àgueda
    • 2
  • Susanne Heise
    • 3
  • Lou Ziyang
    • 4
  1. 1.IVL Swedish Environmental Research InstituteGöteborgSweden
  2. 2.CERTEC, Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIBBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Faculty Life SciencesHamburg University of Applied SciencesHamburgGermany
  4. 4.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPR China

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