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Additives in the Paper Industry

  • Antoni GinebredaEmail author
  • Daniel Guillén
  • Damiá Barceló
  • Rosa Mari Darbra
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 18)

Abstract

An overview of the paper sector from the point of view of additives use is presented. In the first section, the general trends of the sector concerned in terms of world production and trade flows are reviewed together with an overall description of the main characteristics of the production process, including pulp production and paper manufacturing and finishing. The second part is focused on the description of the different additive classes used to provide paper with the required functional characteristics and to facilitate and improve the production process as well, namely, retention aids, sizing agents, binders, wet strength agents, coating agents, optical brightener agents, biocides and dyes. Main compounds or compound families within each additive class are listed, and some related information regarding their function, world consumption and environmental potential impacts is also included.

Keywords

Additives Binders Biocides Optical brighteners Paper 

Abbreviations

AKD

Alkyl ketene dimer

AOX

Adsorbable organic halides

ASA

Alkenyl succinic anhydride

CEPI

Confederation of European paper industries

CPD

3-Chloro-1,2-propanediol

DADMAC

Diallyldimethylammonium chloride

DCP

1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol

ECH

Epichlorohydrin

FWA

Fluorescent whitening agent

MF

Melamine formaldehyde

MUF

Melamine–urea formaldehyde

OBA

Optical brightener agent

PAC

Polyaluminium chloride

PAE

Polyamine-epichlorohydrin resin

PAM

Polyacrylamide

PEI

Polyethylenimine

TCMTB

2-(Thiocyanomethylthio)benzothiazole

UF

Urea formaldehyde

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoni Ginebreda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel Guillén
    • 1
  • Damiá Barceló
    • 1
  • Rosa Mari Darbra
    • 2
  1. 1.Department Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Diagnostic and Water Studies (IDAEA)Spanish Council of Scientific Research (CSIC)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.CERTEC, Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIBBarcelonaSpain

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