Additives in the Paper Industry

  • Antoni GinebredaEmail author
  • Daniel Guillén
  • Damiá Barceló
  • Rosa Mari Darbra
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 18)


An overview of the paper sector from the point of view of additives use is presented. In the first section, the general trends of the sector concerned in terms of world production and trade flows are reviewed together with an overall description of the main characteristics of the production process, including pulp production and paper manufacturing and finishing. The second part is focused on the description of the different additive classes used to provide paper with the required functional characteristics and to facilitate and improve the production process as well, namely, retention aids, sizing agents, binders, wet strength agents, coating agents, optical brightener agents, biocides and dyes. Main compounds or compound families within each additive class are listed, and some related information regarding their function, world consumption and environmental potential impacts is also included.


Additives Binders Biocides Optical brighteners Paper 



Alkyl ketene dimer


Adsorbable organic halides


Alkenyl succinic anhydride


Confederation of European paper industries




Diallyldimethylammonium chloride






Fluorescent whitening agent


Melamine formaldehyde


Melamine–urea formaldehyde


Optical brightener agent


Polyaluminium chloride


Polyamine-epichlorohydrin resin








Urea formaldehyde


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoni Ginebreda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel Guillén
    • 1
  • Damiá Barceló
    • 1
  • Rosa Mari Darbra
    • 2
  1. 1.Department Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Diagnostic and Water Studies (IDAEA)Spanish Council of Scientific Research (CSIC)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.CERTEC, Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIBBarcelonaSpain

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