Regional Activity and Spread of Influenza Viruses in Poland in the Context of Neighboring Countries in the Epidemic Season 2017–2018: An Epidemiological Review

  • K. SzymańskiEmail author
  • K. Łuniewska
  • E. Hallmann-Szelińska
  • R. Sałamatin
  • A. Masny
  • L. B. Brydak
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1271)


This article reviews the epidemiological situation in Poland during the 2017–2018 influenza season in the context of viral spread from the neighboring countries. There were 5793 specimens tested for the presence of influenza virus. The specimens were collected from patients with suspected upper airway infection. The presence of influenza virus was confirmed in 2454 specimens. The data were used to determine the extent of morbidity and the possible direction of spread of influenza virus. It was found that virus type B predominated in 13 out of the 16 Polish provinces, type A predominated in just 1 province, and both types predominated equally in another 2 provinces. Data on influenza type B virus did not enable the drawing of a clear-cut conclusion on the way of its spread. Presumptively, the route of type B virus spread originated in the Ukraine and moved westward, with the transmission enhanced, to some extent, by migration of Ukrainian citizens. Virus type A, on the other side, spread from the Southwest Europe eastward. Reviewing the epidemiological situation plays an important role in gaining more knowledge on influenza morbidity and its differentiation from other similar infections, which helps counteract future infections.


Epidemic season Influenza virus Respiratory infection Respiratory tract Virus spread 



Funded by NIPH-NIH thematic subject 4/EM1. We would like to acknowledge physicians and employees of the voivodeship-sanitary epidemiological stations across the country who collected epidemiological data for the sentinel program in the framework of influenza surveillance in Poland.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by an institutional ethics committee.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study before collection of nasopharyngeal samples.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Szymański
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Łuniewska
    • 1
  • E. Hallmann-Szelińska
    • 1
  • R. Sałamatin
    • 2
  • A. Masny
    • 1
  • L. B. Brydak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Influenza Research of the National Influenza CenterNational Institute of Public Health – National Institute of HygieneWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of General Biology and ParasitologyWarsaw Medical UniversityWarsawPoland

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