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Evaluation of Nocturnal Respiratory Complaints in Pregnant Women

  • Violetta Konstanty-Kurkiewicz
  • Edyta Dzięciołowska-Baran
  • Jacek Szczurowski
  • Aleksandra Gawlikowska-SrokaEmail author
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Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1271)

Abstract

Snoring during pregnancy increases the risk of low Apgar score and low birth weight of newborns. Snoring women are twice as likely to be diagnosed as having preeclampsia when compared to non-snoring ones. Snoring may also be linked to, albeit it is not a prerequisite for, apneic events at sleep. The aim of this survey-type study was to evaluate the occurrence and severity of nocturnal respiratory complaints in a group of 312 pregnant women. Problems associated with snoring and other nasopharyngeal symptoms were reported by 60% of women. Complaints were more frequent in patients with a higher body mass index. The symptoms were significantly more frequent in the group of snorers. The results of this study suggest a pattern of basic features in pregnancy, such as snoring, overweight, and upper airway symptoms, which all ought to direct attention of care givers to the diagnostics of sleep-related breathing disorders. The early diagnosis would enable to undertake the measures to prevent preterm labor and to avoid postpartum complications in both mother and newborn.

Keywords

Airways Newborns Pregnancy Respiratory complaints Sleep apnea Snoring 

Notes

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The project was approved by the Bioethics Committee of the Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Poland (approval no. KB-0012/19/17).

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

©  Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Violetta Konstanty-Kurkiewicz
    • 1
  • Edyta Dzięciołowska-Baran
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jacek Szczurowski
    • 4
  • Aleksandra Gawlikowska-Sroka
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyPomeranian Medical UniversitySzczecinPoland
  2. 2.Department of AnatomyPomeranian Medical UniversitySzczecinPoland
  3. 3.Department of OtolaryngologyProvincial HospitalSzczecinPoland
  4. 4.Department of Anthropology, Biology InstituteWrocław University of Environmental and Life SciencesWrocławPoland

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