Sulfurous Balneotherapy in Poland: A Vignette on History and Contemporary Use

  • Bożena Kosińska
  • Marek L. GrabowskiEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1211)


Balneotherapy experiences a sharp increase in popularity during recent years. The present paper gives a perspective on the therapeutic use of mineral baths in the town of Solec-Zdroj in southeastern Poland, an old time spa endowed with rich natural sulfurous water resources. Historical aspects of the formation and development of the spa are presented, along with the contemporary insights into the plausible mechanisms and benefits of sulfide treatment, not only in otherwise hardly treatable chronic skin disorders but also in a variety of disease processes in organ systems. Sulfurous balneotherapy is not without potential risks, particularly for the skin, a tissue it is considered the most viable treatment for. The healing effect of sulfide waters does not increase in proportion to the sulfur content. As in every stimulus-based treatment, the stimulant strength should not go beyond the favorable hormetic boundaries of safety. Although the exact bioproperties of a high content of hydrogen sulfide in natural mineral springs are yet to be fully unraveled and understood in the context of healing capability, sulfide bath treatment is capable of growing and developing. It remains a cost-effective alternative to pharmaceutical products in a variety of disorders.


Balneotherapy Bioactivity Cutaneous effects Health spa Hydrogen sulfide Mineral bath Skin diseases Sulfurous water 


Conflicts of Interest

BK declares no conflicts of interest in relation to this article. MLG is a part-time employee of the Institute of Natural Medicine in Solec-Zdroj, Poland.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the University of Management in Czestochowa, Poland.


The anonymity of patients using the spa services was fully protected, and all individuals gave informed consent.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NursingUniversity of ManagementCzestochowaPoland
  2. 2.Institute of Natural Medicine in Solec-ZdrojSolec-ZdrojPoland

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