Unmet Needs and Pro-health Behavior in Patients with Chronic Respiratory Diseases

  • M. Duda-SikulaEmail author
  • B. Mroczek
  • A. Szewczyk
  • D. Kurpas
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1150)


Coordinated healthcare paradigm addressing the biopsychosocial spheres of patients seems advantageous for the management of chronic diseases. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of unmet needs on pro–health behavior in chronic respiratory diseases and to recognize the factors that help identify the unmet needs. The patients were asked to complete the Camberwell Assessment of Needs Inventory and the Health Behavior Inventory. The study group consisted of 171 adult patients with chronic respiratory diseases. The study participants were recruited from among the patients of 130 general practitioners between July 2011 and March 2016. The findings of this study indicate that any prevention program should focus on increasing the level of satisfied needs in patients with chronic respiratory diseases. For the most effective treatment, fragmented and disease-focused processes should be replaced by integrated health and social care. We conclude that the treatment process that involves interdisciplinary clinical approach, which, aside from the physical treatment, could recognize and address the psychological aspects of unmet needs would be conducive to undertake pro–health behavior by pulmonary patients.


Chronic respiratory diseases Coordinated healthcare Interdisciplinary approach Needs assessment Patient care Pro–health behavior Unmet needs 


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the Bioethics Committee of the Medical University in Wrocław, Poland (permit no. KB-608/2011).

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Duda-Sikula
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. Mroczek
    • 2
  • A. Szewczyk
    • 3
  • D. Kurpas
    • 3
  1. 1.International Scientific Projects SectionWroclaw Medical UniversityWroclawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Humanities in MedicinePomeranian Medical University in SzczecinSzczecinPoland
  3. 3.Department of Family MedicineWroclaw Medical UniversityWroclawPoland

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