Influence of Socioeconomic and Anthropometric Factors on Respiratory Function in Female University Students

  • D. Nowakowski
  • K. Kliś
  • M. Żurawiecka
  • A. Dubrowski
  • I. WronkaEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 968)


The purpose of this study was to evaluate lung function in healthy young female university students and to seek the relation of lung function to socioeconomic and anthropometric indices. The methodology consisted of spirometry tests, anthropometric measures and a questionnaire conducted in November of 2015 among 152 female university students. At first, lung function was analyzed for any relationship with socioeconomic factors and smoking. The results of a multi-factor analysis of variance demonstrate significant differences in the FEV1/FVC ratio depending on the general socioeconomic status. Then, anthropometric and spirometric parameters were tested for correlations. A comparison of underweight, normal weigh, overweight, and obese subjects revealed statistically significant differences for FVC% and FEV1/FVC, with the highest values noted in the subjects of normal weight. Individuals with abdominal obesity had lower FVC% and FEV1% and a higher FEV1/FVC ratio. The findings of our study confirm that both general obesity and abdominal obesity are related to a reduced lung function.


Body Shape Obesity Respiratory Function Spirometry 


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Nowakowski
    • 1
  • K. Kliś
    • 2
  • M. Żurawiecka
    • 2
  • A. Dubrowski
    • 2
  • I. Wronka
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyWroclaw University of Environmental and Life ScienceWroclawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Anthropology, Institute of ZoologyJagiellonian UniversityCracowPoland

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