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Influenza and Influenza-like Viruses in Children in the Epidemic Season 2015/2016 in Poland

  • K. Cieślak
  • K. Szymański
  • D. Kowalczyk
  • L. B. Brydak
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 968)

Abstract

Influenza is an infectious disease caused by influenza A and B viruses. Children are the group which is the most exposed to influenza and influenza-like infections. They are considered as carriers of influenza infections in the population. In the epidemic season 2015/2016 more than 8000 samples were tested, of which over 30 % specimens were collected from patients aged 0–14 years. In 42.3 % cases the influenza or influenza-like viruses were confirmed. The most common subtype was A/H1N1/pdm09. Analysis of positive specimens was categorized into three smaller groups 0–4, 5–9, 10–14. Differences in the frequency of virus detections in younger age groups appeared. This study has shown that children are a very important group in the spread of the influenza virus in the population. A higher percentage of vaccinated children would decrease the number of infected patients in the whole population.

Keywords

Children Influenza Molecular Biology Respiratory Virus Vaccine Virology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was funded by NIPH- NIH thematic subject 5/EM.1. The authors’ thanks go to physicians and employees of Sanitary Epidemiological Stations participating in sentinel and non-sentinel programs for their input into the influenza surveillance in Poland.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Cieślak
    • 1
  • K. Szymański
    • 1
  • D. Kowalczyk
    • 1
  • L. B. Brydak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Influenza Research, National Influenza CenterNational Institute of Public Health – National Institute of HygieneWarsawPoland

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