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Nutrition and Immune System in Children with Simple Obesity

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 878)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate dietary factors in nutrition influencing the immune system of children and teenagers suffering from simple obesity. The study involved 100 children and teenagers aged 7–18 with simple obesity. Nutritional data were obtained from 3-day food records. The consumed nutrients, including immunomodulators and immunostimulants, were estimated based on the nutrition interview. The results were compared with the nutritional norms. On average, the proportion of n-6:n-3 fatty acids equalled 10:1. Among the amino acids, the highest intake values in the diet were observed for glutamine (13,694.6 mg/day). The study demonstrates inadequate intake levels of iron (73 % of recommended dietary allowance, RDA), vitamin C (65 % of RDA), and vitamin D (11 % of RDA) taking into account the median values for the entire study group. The median daily intake of other nutrients exceeded the RDA values. The diets of the participants in this study were not properly balanced with respect to immunomodulators, which may contribute to the occurrence of immunological disorders and immunodeficiency in this group of patients.

Keywords

Children Diet Obesity Immunomodulators Immunostimulants Immunological disorders 

Notes

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics and EndocrinologyMedical University of WarsawWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Human NutritionMedical University of WarsawWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Department of Laboratory Diagnostics and Clinical Immunology of the Developmental AgeMedical University of WarsawWarsawPoland

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