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Zintl Ions pp 25-57 | Cite as

Polyanions of Group 14 and Group 15 Elements in Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metal Solid State Compounds and Solvate Structures

  • Stefanie Gärtner
  • Nikolaus Korber
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 140)

Abstract

The chapter discusses the formation of discrete polyanions of group 14 and group 15 elements in solid state structures of alkali and alkaline earth metal compounds depending on the degree of reduction and the cation radii. Applying this concept reveals areas of stability of polyanions of different nature. The mapping of the compounds in one diagram presents a comprehensive overview for the regions of existence of the polyanions in the discussed materials. Additionally, solvate structures are summarized, which provide a promising possibility to adjoin new polyanionic arrangements.

Keywords

Cation radii Group 14 Group 15 Homoatomic polyanions Solid state Solution Zintl 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Inorganic ChemistryUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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