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Rare-Earth Metal Postmetallocene Catalysts with Chelating Amido Ligands

  • Tianshu Li
  • Jelena Jenter
  • Peter W. RoeskyEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 137)

Abstract

This review deals with the synthesis and the catalytic application of noncyclopentadienyl complexes of the rare-earth elements. The main topics of the review are amido metal complexes with chelating bidentate ligands, which show the most similarities to cyclopentadienyl ligands. Benzamidinates and guanidinates will be reviewed in a separate contribution within this book. Beside the synthesis of the complexes, the broad potential of these compounds in homogeneous catalysis is demonstrated. Most of the reviewed catalytic transformations are either C–C multiple bond transformation such as the hydroamination and hydrosilylation or polymerization reaction of polar and nonpolar monomers. In this area, butadiene and isoprene, ethylene, as well as lactides and lactones were mostly used as monomers.

Keywords

Amido ligands Chelates Homogeneous catalysis Rare-earth metals 

Abbreviations

Ar

Aryl

ATI

Aminotroponiminate

Bu

Butyl

CHO

Cyclohexene oxide

cod

Cyclooctadiene

cot

Cyclooctatetraene

Cp

Cyclopentadienyl, η5-C5H5

Cp

η5-C5Me5

dep

Deprotonated

DME

Dimethoxyethane

equiv

Equivalent(s)

Et

Ethyl

h

Hour(s)

iBu

iso-Butyl

iPr

iso-Propyl

Ln

Rare-earth metal

Me

Methyl

min

Minute(s)

MMA

Methyl methacrylate

MMAO

Modified methylalumoxane

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

nPr

n-Propyl

Ph

Phenyl

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

Py

Pyridine

ROP

Ring-opening polymerization

solv

Solvent

SSIP

Solvent-separated ion pair

tBu

tert-butyl

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

TMEDA

Tetramethylethylenediamine

Notes

Acknowledgment

We thank the DFG (SPP 1166 “Lanthanide specific functionalities in molecules and materials”) for financial support of our work related to the topic of this contribution.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Anorganische ChemieKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany

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