Explosives Detection: From Sensing to Response

  • Liliana Marques MarteloEmail author
  • Lino Forte Marques
  • Hugh Douglas Burrows
  • Mário Nuno Berberan-Santos
Part of the Springer Series on Fluorescence book series (SS FLUOR, volume 18)


The purpose of this chapter is to summarize the state of art of fluorescence-based explosive sensors in a simple way, focusing especially on the research progress. Importantly, the advances in this field are organized in the different strategies and improvements in the exploitation of fluorescence explosives detection. Mechanisms of fluorescence explosives detection are reviewed, not only fluorescence-quenching-based mechanisms but also some novel mechanism which are applied in explosives detection. We also focused our discussion on several fluorescent probes that can be used for the detection of explosives, in this way the discussion is organized based on their structures. Some design and data treatment requirements for obtaining an optical sensor are discussed, including statistical analysis and signal modelling. At the end of the chapter, future directions and perspectives are presented and discussed.


Explosives detection Fluorescence sensing Optical sensing Terrorism and countermeasures Trace analysis 



This work was supported by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Portugal) within project FAPESP/20107/2014. L. Martelo was supported by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT, Portugal) with a Postdoctoral Fellowship (SFRH/BPD/121728/2016). H. D. Burrows is grateful for funding from “The Coimbra Chemistry Centre” which is supported by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), through the programmes UID/QUI/UI0313/2019 and COMPETE.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liliana Marques Martelo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lino Forte Marques
    • 3
  • Hugh Douglas Burrows
    • 2
  • Mário Nuno Berberan-Santos
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Química-Física Molecular (CQFM), The Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (IN) and The Institute for Bioengineering and Biosciences (iBB), Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  3. 3.Institute of Systems and Robotics (ISR)University of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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