Applications of Submersible Fluorescence Sensors for Monitoring Hydrocarbons in Treated and Untreated Waters

  • Vadim B. MalkovEmail author
  • Jeremy J. Lowe
Part of the Springer Series on Fluorescence book series (SS FLUOR, volume 18)


With development of new methods for oil and gas exploration, and in an effort to increase efficiency of petroleum production, rapid analysis of oil in water (OIW) has become increasingly important. Cost-effective, real-time analysis of refined oil products in water—whether their presence is as products or contaminants—enables nimble response to changing concentrations of analytes, which is not only of interest within the energy industry but also useful to ensure compliance within other industrial, municipal, and environmental applications. As a result of lab and field experimentation with a UV-fluorescence sensor responding to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) present in any oil derived from mineral sources, it was determined that OIW could be successfully measured through correlation of PAH and OIW concentration in industrial process water, wastewater, municipal water treatment, natural seawater, and source water samples containing stable oil content. In samples with repeatable and sustainable content, the concentration of hydrocarbons can be quantified, while the most useful application of the examined instrumentation was found for event detection and trending of oil in water.


Cooling water Energy industry Industrial wastewater Municipal drinking water Oil and grease Oil-in-water OIW PAH Petroleum production Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Process water Refinery Seawater Source water UV fluorescence Wastewater 



Adsorbable organic halides


American Petroleum Institute


Attenuated total reflectance


Biochemical oxygen demand


Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes


Colored dissolved organic matter


Chlorinated hydrocarbons


Chemical oxygen demand


Dissolved air flotation




Dissolved organic carbon


Dissolved organic matter


Excitation-emission matrices


Fiber optic evanescent wave spectroscopy


Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy


Gas chromatography


Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry


Global packet radio service


High output air-blast system


High-performance liquid chromatography


Induced air flotation


Limit of detection


Low range


Monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (BTEX)


Multicomponent analysis


Oil in water


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons


Polychlorinated biphenyls


Parts per billion


Quartz microbalance


Reflectometric Interference Spectrometry


Standard error of calibration


Standard error of prediction


United Nations




UV multiwavelength absorptiometry


World Health Organization




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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hach CompanyLovelandUSA

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