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Sulfur-Supported Iron Complexes for Understanding N2 Reduction

Part of the Topics in Organometallic Chemistry book series (TOPORGAN,volume 60)

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the use of synthetic complexes for modeling iron sites in the iron-molybdenum nitrogenase enzyme, particularly on those with sulfur donors in the coordination sphere. This is an under-explored area that has promise to elucidate the way that Fe–S bonds contribute to N2 binding and activation. We review iron complexes with sulfide, thiolate, and thioether-containing supporting ligands and discuss the binding of N2 as well as reduced species such as hydrazine and diazene. The structures, spectroscopy, reactions, and other properties of key complexes are described, including recent results.

Keywords

  • Dinitrogen
  • Iron
  • Nitrogenase
  • Sulfur

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Acknowledgement

The authors thank the National Institutes of Health (GM065313) for funding.

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Correspondence to Patrick L. Holland .

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Speelman, A.L., Holland, P.L. (2016). Sulfur-Supported Iron Complexes for Understanding N2 Reduction. In: Nishibayashi, Y. (eds) Nitrogen Fixation. Topics in Organometallic Chemistry, vol 60. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/3418_2016_4

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