Rare Earth Pincer Complexes: Synthesis, Reaction Chemistry, and Catalysis

  • Mikko M. Hänninen
  • Matthew T. Zamora
  • Paul G. HayesEmail author
Part of the Topics in Organometallic Chemistry book series (TOPORGAN, volume 54)


The research field surrounding rare earth pincer complexes has reached a stage where a comprehensive review about the reactivity and catalytic behavior of these species is justified. In this contribution, we begin with a brief introduction on common strategies for the preparation of rare earth pincer complexes, continuing with a section devoted to the versatile reactivity observed for this class of compound. Thereafter, several types of compounds are discussed, including extremely reactive hydrides, cationic species, and intriguing scandium imido complexes. Finally, the last portion of this chapter sums up the hitherto reported catalytic studies, including discussions on ring-opening polymerization of cyclic esters, polymerization of olefins and hydroamination reactions, as well as several examples of more infrequently encountered catalytic processes.


Catalysis Lanthanides Pincer ligands Rare earth metals Reactivity 



Thanks are extended to the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada for financial support as well as to Prof. Dr. Jun Okuda and RWTH Aachen University for hosting PGH during the preparation of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikko M. Hänninen
    • 1
  • Matthew T. Zamora
    • 1
  • Paul G. Hayes
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryUniversity of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada

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