An Interactive Graphical Tool for Efficient Cooperative Task Acquisition Based on Monaco-T Model

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1452)


In the past, Knowledge Acquisition represented a barrier for developing intelligent systems, and particularly intelligent tutoring systems. In a recent work we proposed a model (Monaco-T ) for structuring and representing cooperative tasks. These tasks can be used directly in a cooperative learning environment, or in a simulation environment able to show how the cooperative task is effectively realized. To help experts representing knowledge with this model, we have built an editor able to produce tasks in Monaco-T format. The editor has graphic capabilities for editing rules, trees and layers, that are the basic elements of Monaco-T. Our editor also provides tools to directly link cooperative tasks to an external system able to react to direct manipulation. It represents an environment for component oriented programming.

Keys words

Knowledge elicitation Collaborative learning Cognitive task analysis Authoring tools 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Aimeur, E. et Frasson, C. (1996). Analyzing a New Learning Strategy According to Different Knowledge Levels In Computers Educ volume 27 Numbers 2, pp 115–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Boose, J.H.. (1989). A survey of knowledge acquisition techniques and tools. Knowledge Acquisition, March, 1(1), 3–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Card, S., Moran, T. & Newell, A. (1983). The Psychology of Human-Computer Interaction, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Chan T.W. et Baskin A.B.(1990). Learning companion systems. InIntelligent Tutoring Systems: At the Crossroad of Artificial Intelligence and education (Edited by Frasson C. And Gauthier G.) Chap. 1. Ablex, N.J.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Djamen J.Y. (1995). Une architecture de STI pour l’analyse du raisonnement d’un apprenant. Thèse de Ph.D., DIRO, Université de Montréal, Montréal, CANADA, Juin 1995.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Ellis, C., Gibbs, S.J., et Rein, G.L. (1991). Groupware: Some issues and experiences. CACM, 34(1), pp. 38–58.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Frasson C., Mengelle T., Aimeur E., Gouarderes G, (1996). An Actor-Based Architecture for Intelligent Tutoring Systems, In The Proceeding of Thirth international Conference of Intelligent Tutoring Systems, June, Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Brian R Gaines & Mildred L G Shaw. (1992). Eliciting Knowledge and Transferring it Effectively to a Knowledge-Based System In IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering September 1992Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Brian R Gaines. (1988). An Overviwe of Knowledge-Acquisition and Transfer In Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems, Gaines, B.R & Boose, J.H., Eds, Knowledge-Based Systems, Vol.1, New York: Academic Press, 3–22 Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Nkambou, R., Gauthier, G., (1996) Un modèle de représentation de connaissances dans les STI. In Proceeding of 3th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring System ITS96. Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Schmidt, K. et Bannon, L. (1992). Taking CSCW Seriously. In Computer Supported Cooperative Work Journal, 1,1, pp. 7–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Tadie, G.S., Rossignol, J-Y, Frasson, C. et Lefebvre, B. (1997). Collaborative Learning System in Industry. In Demonstration at the Second Annual Conference on the TeleLearning NCE, November 4–6, 1997, Toronto, Canada.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Tadié, G.S., (1996) Coopération et Système Tutoriel Intelligent. Rapport de l’examen prédoctoral oral. Département d’Informatique et de Recherche Opérationnelle. Université de Montréal.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Tadie, S., Lefebvre, B. et Frasson, C. (1996). Monaco-T âache: un modèle à nature coopérative pour la modélisation de tâche dans un STI. In The Proceeding of Thirth international Conference of Intelligent Tutoring Systems, June, Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Terveen, L.G. (1995). Overview of human-computer collaboration. In Knowledge-Based Systems volume 8 Numbers 2–3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Département d’Informatique et de Recherche OpérationnelleUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada
  2. 2.Département d’InformatiqueUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontréalCanada

Personalised recommendations