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Banishing bias from consensus sequences

  • Amir Ben-Dor
  • Giuseppe Lancia
  • R. Ravi
  • Jennifer Perone
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1264)

Abstract

With the exploding size of genome databases, it is becoming increasingly important to devise search procedures that extract relevant information from them. One such procedure is particularly effective in finding new, distant members of a given family of related sequences: start with a multiple alignment of the given members of the family and use an integral or fractional consensus sequence derived from the alignment to further probe the database. However, the multiple alignment constructed to begin with may be biased due to skew in the sample of sequences used to construct it.

We suggest strategies to overcome the problem of bias in building consensus sequences. When the intention is to build a fractional consensus sequence (often termed a profile), we propose assigning weights to the sequences such that the resulting fractional sequence has roughly the same similarity score against each of the sequences in the family. We call such fractional consensus sequences balanced profiles. On the other hand, when only regular sequences can be used in the search, we propose that the consensus sequence have minimum maximum distance from any sequence in the family to avoid bias. Such sequences are NP-hard to compute exactly, so we present an approximation algorithm with very good performance ratio based on randomized rounding of an integer programming formulation of the problem. We also mention applications of the rounding method to selection of probes for disease detection and to construction of consensus maps.

Keywords

Multiple Alignment Weighting Scheme Voronoi Diagram Consensus Problem Distant Member 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Ben-Dor
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Lancia
    • 2
  • R. Ravi
    • 2
  • Jennifer Perone
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceTechnionHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.GSIACarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburgh
  3. 3.New York University School of MedicineNew York

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