Methanol masers in the southern Galaxy

  • G. C. MacLeod
  • M. J. Gaylard
8. Methanol Masers in Star Forming Regions
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 412)


We have detected 6.6-GHz A+-methanol masers towards all nineteen 12.2-GHz E-methanol masers at declinations below -42°. We also searched all known OH masers in the longitude range 260° to 345° and detected 52 of 88. The detection rate of 6.6-GHz methanol masers is four times higher in the Norma area of the Galaxy than in the Carina arm. Although this may be partly due to sensitivity limitations, it may also be a product of the radial metallicity gradient in the Galaxy.

Fourteen 6.6-GHz masers with S6.6 ≥100 Jy were searched for associated 12.2-GHz E-methanol masers and four new masers were detected. The statistics of the non- detections suggest that there may not be a one-to-one correspondence of 6.6- to 12.2-GHz methanol masers.

We have reobserved five 12.2-GHz E-methanol masers, originally observed in 1987. We found that ≈80% of the maser components have varied by less that 10% over the four year period, implying that these masers are generally saturated. In several sources maser components have shifted in velocity.


Detection Rate Methanol Molecule Fourth Quadrant Methanol Maser Radio Astronomy Observatory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cohen, R.J., Baart, E.E. & Jonas,J.L., 1988. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 231, 205.Google Scholar
  2. Kemball, A.J., Gaylard, M.J. & Nicolson, G.D., 1988. Astrophys. J., 331, L37.Google Scholar
  3. MacLeod, G.C., Gaylard, M.J. & Nicolson, G.D., 1992. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 254, 1P.Google Scholar
  4. MacLeod, G.C. & Gaylard, M.J., 1992. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., in press.Google Scholar
  5. McCutcheon, W.H., Wellington, K.J., Norris, R.P., Caswell. J.L., Kesteven, M.J., Reynolds, J.E. & Peng, R.-S., 1988. Astrophys. J., 333, L79.Google Scholar
  6. Menten, K.M., 1991a. Skylines, Proc. Third Haystack Observatory Meeting, p. 119, Haschick, A. D. & Ho, P. T. P., Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  7. Menten, K.M., 1991b. Astrophys. J. (Lett.), 380, L75.Google Scholar
  8. Robinson, B.J., Manchester, R.N., Whiteoak, J.B., Otrupcek, R.E. & McCutcheon, W.H., 1988. Astr. Astrophys., 193, 60.Google Scholar
  9. Shaver, P.A., McGee, R.X., Newton, L.M., Danks, A.C. & Pottasch, S.R., 1983. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 204, 53.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. C. MacLeod
    • 1
  • M. J. Gaylard
    • 1
  1. 1.Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy ObservatorySouth Africa

Personalised recommendations