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How Linear Motor Proteins Work

  • K. Oiwa
  • D.J. Manstein
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 711)

Abstract

Most animals perform sophisticated forms of movement such as walking, running, flying and swimming using their skeletal muscles. Although directed movement is not generally associated with plants, cytoplasmic streaming in plant cells can reach velocities greater than 50 μm/s and thus constitutes one of the fastest forms of directed movement. Unicellular eukaryotic organisms and prokaryotes display diverse mechanisms by which they are able to actively move towards a food source, light or other sensory stimuli. On the cellular level active transport of vesicles and organelles is required, since the cytoplasm resembles a gel with a mesh size of approximately 50 nm, which makes the passive transport of organelle-sized particles impossible. For elongated cells such as neurons, even proteins and small metabolites have to be actively transported.

Keywords

Motor Protein Motor Domain Motility Assay Cytoplasmic Streaming Cytoplasmic Dynein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Oiwa
    • 1
  • D.J. Manstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Kobe Advanced ICT Research Center (KARC)National Institute of Information and Communications TechnologyNishi-ku, KobeJapan
  2. 2.Institutes for Biophysical Chemistry and Structure AnalysisHannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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