Advertisement

Biometric yet Privacy Protecting Person Authentication

  • Gerrit Bleumer
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1525)

Abstract

Many eligibility or entitlement certificates in every day life are non-transferable between persons. However, they are usually implemented by personal physical tokens that owners can easily pass around (e.g. credit card), driver’s license). So there must either be negligible incentives to pass these certificates or the tokens around, or the tokens must allow to authenticate the persons who show certificates, e.g., by imprinted photographs. However, any kind of easily accessible personal identifying information threatens the owners’ privacy. To solve these somehow paradoxical requirements, we assume for each owner a kind of pilot that is equipped with a tamper resistant biometric authentication facility. We draft cryptographic protocols for issuing and showing non-transferable yet privacy protecting certificates. Unforgeability of certificates relies on a well-established computational assumption, nontransferability relies upon a physical assumption and owners’ privacy is protected unconditionally.

Keywords

Non-transferable certificates Wallets-with-observer Blind Signatures Interactive proofs Biometric person authentication 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Stefan Brands: An Efficient Off-line Electronic Cash System Based On The Representation Problem; Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica, Computer Science/ Departement of Algorithmics and Architecture, Technical Report CS-R9323, March 1993.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stefan Brands: Untraceable Off-line Cash in Wallet with Observers; Crypto’ 93, LNCS 773, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1994, 302–318.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Josef Bigün, Gérard Chollet, Gunilla Borgefors (eds.): Audio-and Video-based Biometric Person Authentication (AVBPA)’ 97, LNCS 1206, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1997Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Biometric fingerprint readers: BioMouse http://www.abio.com PC-Lockdown http://users.ids.net SecureTouch http://www.biometricaccess.com TouchSafe http://www.identix.com U.are.U http://www.digitalpersona.com Veriprint http://www.biometricID.com
  5. 5.
    Mihir Bellare, Phillip Rogaway: Random Oracles are Practical: A Paradigm for Designing Efficient Protocols; 1st ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, ACM Press, New York 1993, 62–73.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    David Chaum: Blind Signature System; Crypto’ 83, Plenum Press, New York 1984, 153.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    David Chaum: A New Paradigm for Individuals in the Information Age; 1984 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, IEEE Press, Washington 1984, 99–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    David Chaum: Security without Identification: Transaction Systems to make Big Brother Obsolete; Communications of the ACM 28/10 (1985) 1030–1044.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    David Chaum: Showing credentials without identification: Transferring signatures between unconditionally unlinkable pseudonyms; Auscrypt’ 90, LNCS 453, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1990, 246–264.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    David Chaum: Achieving Electronic Privacy; Scientific American (August 1992) 96–101.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lidong Chen: Witness Hiding Proofs and Applications; PhD Thesis DAIMI PB-477, Computer Science Department Aarhus University, August 1994.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    David Chaum, Jan.-Hendrik Evertse, Jeroen van de Graaf: An improved protocol for demonstrating possession of discrete logarithms and some generalizations; Eurocrypt’ 87, LNCS 304, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1988, 127–141.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    David Chaum, Torben Pryds Pedersen: Wallet Databases with Observers. Crypto’ 92, LNCS 740, Springer Verlag, Berlin 1993, 89–105.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Uriel Feige, Adi Shamir: Witness Indistinguishable and Witness Hiding Protocols; 22nd Symposium on Theory of Computing (STOC) 1990, ACM Press, New York 1990, 416–426.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Benjamin Miller: Vital signs of identity; IEEE spectrum 31/2 (1994) 22–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tatsuaki Okamoto, Kazuo Ohta: Divertible zero-knowledge interactive proofs and commutative random self-reducibility; Eurocrypt’ 89, LNCS 434, Sringer-Verlag, Berlin 1990, 134–149.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Andreas Pfitzmann, Birgit Pfitzmann, Matthias Schunter, Michael Waidner: Trusting Mobile User Devices and Security Modules; Computer 30/2 (1997) 61–68.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerrit Bleumer
    • 1
  1. 1.AT&T Labs-ResearchFlorham ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations