Twin Peaks: The Histogram Attack to Fixed Depth Image Watermarks

  • Maurice Maes
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1525)


In this paper we present an attack to fixed depth image watermarks. The attack is based on histogram analysis of a watermarked image. With this attack, the watermark can often be reconstructed from just a few images, without using the detector.


Watermark Image Gray Scale Image Histogram Analysis Watermark Method Uniform Depth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bender, W., Gruhl, D., Morimoto, N., Lu, A.: Techniques for data hiding, IBM Systems Journal 35 No. 3/4 (1996) 313–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nikolaidis, N., Pitas, I.: Copyright protection of images using robust digital signatures, IEEE Int. Conf. on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP-96) 4 (1996) 2168–2171Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pitas, I., Kaskalis, T.H.: Applying signatures on digital images, IEEE Workshop on Nonlinear Image and Signal Processing, Neos Marmaras, Greece (1995) 460–463Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pitas, I:. A method for signature casting on digital images, IEEE Int. Conf. Image Processing (ICIP’96), vol. III, Lausanne (1996) 215–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Van Den Enden, A.W.M., Verhoeckx, N.A.M.: Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice-Hall (1989)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Voyatzis, G., I. Pitas, I.:. Chaotic mixing of digital images and applications to watermarking, European Conf. on Multimedia Applications, Services and Techniques (ECMAST’96) 2 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, (1996) 687–695Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurice Maes
    • 1
  1. 1.Philips Research LaboratoriesEindhovenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations