Smart Card Security ‘How Can We Be So Sure?’

  • Ernst Bovelander
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1528)


TNO is the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research. Its primary tasks are to support trade and industry, the authorities and other groups of the community in technological innovation and to assist clients and sponsors in solving problems. TNO is a fully independent R&D organisation with a staff of approximately 4,000 and an annual turnover of more than US$ 500 million.


Smart Card Chip Surface Security Aspect Biometric Template Organisational Measure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst Bovelander
    • 1
  1. 1.TNO Centre for Evaluation of Instrumentation and Security TechniquesGA DelftThe Netherlands

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