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Mining Data from a Knowledge Management Perspective: An Application to Outcome Prediction in Patients with Resectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Riccardo Bellazzi
  • Ivano Azzini
  • Gianna Toffolo
  • Stefano Bacchetti
  • Mario Lise
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2101)

Abstract

This paper presents the use of data mining tools to derive a prognostic model of the outcome of resectable hepatocellular carcinoma. The main goal of the study was to summarize the experience gained over more than 20 years by a surgical team. To this end, two decision trees have been induced from data: a model M1 that contains a full set of prognostic rules derived from the data on the basis of the 20 available factors, and a model M2 that considers only the two most relevant factors. M1 will be used to explicit the knowledge embedded in the data (externalization), while the model M2 will be used to extract operational rules (socialization). The models performance has been compared with the one of a Naive Bayes classifier and have been validated by the expert physicians. The paper concludes that a knowledge management perspective improves the validity of data mining techniques in presence of small data sets, coming from severe pathologies with relative low incidence. In these cases, it is more crucial the quality of the extracted knowledge than the predictive accuracy gained.

Keywords

Liver Resection Prognostic Model Total Accuracy Decision Tree Induction Intelligent Data Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riccardo Bellazzi
    • 1
  • Ivano Azzini
    • 1
  • Gianna Toffolo
    • 2
  • Stefano Bacchetti
    • 3
  • Mario Lise
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Informatica e SistemisticaUniversità di PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica e InformaticaUniversità di PadovaPadovaItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze Oncologiche e Chirurgiche, Sez. Clinica ChirurgicaUniversità di PadovaPadovaItaly

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