Down-Scaling for Better Transform Compression
The most popular lossy image compression method used on the Internet is the JPEG standard. JPEG’s good compression performance and low computational and memory complexity make it an attractive method for natural image compression. Nevertheless, as we go to low bit rates that imply lower quality, JPEG introduces disturbing artifacts. It appears that at low bit rates a down-scaled image when JPEG compressed visually beats the high resolution image compressed via JPEG to be represented with the same number of bits.
Motivated by this idea, we show how down-sampling an image to a low resolution, then using JPEG at the lower resolution, and subsequently interpolating the result to the original resolution can improve the overall PSNR performance of the compression process.We give an analytical model and a numerical analysis of the sub-sampling, compression and re-scaling process, that makes explicit the possible quality/compression trade-offs. We show that the image auto-correlation can provide good estimates for establishing the down-sampling factor that achieves optimal performance. Given a specific budget of bits, we determine the down sampling factor necessary to get the best possible recovered image in terms of PSNR.
KeywordsOriginal Image Discrete Cosine Transform Image Compression Natural Image Synthetic Image
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