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Structure Formation and Glass Transition in Oriented Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate)

  • Koji Fukao
  • Satoshi Fujii
  • Yasuo Saruyama
  • Naoki Tsurutani
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 714)

Abstract

The ordering process and glass transition of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) in oriented glassy states have been investigated using real time X-ray scattering experiment with synchrotron radiation sources and (temperature modulated) differential scanning calorimetry. The time evolution of the X-ray scattering patterns observed during the isothermal annealing process could well be reproduced using the kinetics of structure formation from the nematic-like structure to the crystal-like structure by way of the smectic structure. During the heating process a corresponding change in X-ray scattering patterns was observed and a continuous structural change from the oriented glassy state to the crystalline state through the smectic-like structure was confirmed. This structural change is accompanied with a continuous increase in the glass transition temperature, which is elucidated using differential scanning calorimetry.

Keywords

Glass Transition Temperature Glassy State Total Heat Flow Rigid Amorphous Fraction Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koji Fukao
    • 1
  • Satoshi Fujii
    • 1
  • Yasuo Saruyama
    • 1
  • Naoki Tsurutani
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Polymer ScienceKyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-kuKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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