Intramolecular Crystal Nucleation

  • Wenbing Hu
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 714)


We review how the nucleation mechanism of polymer crystallization could be assigned to intramolecular processes and what are the preliminary benefits for understanding some fundamental crystallization behaviors. The speculative concept of molecular nucleation and the theoretical model of intramolecular nucleation have been elucidated in a broad context of classical nucleation theory. The focus is on explaining the phenomenon of molecular segregation caused by polymer crystal growth.


Crystal Nucleation Free Energy Barrier Polymer Crystallization Equilibrium Melting Point Single Macromolecule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    J. W. Gibbs: The Scientific Work of J. Willard Gibbs, Vol. 1, (Longmans Green, New York, 1906) p. 219Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    M. Volmer, A. Weber: Z. Phys. Chem. (Munich) 119, 227 (1926)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    K. F. Kelton: in Crystal Nucleation in Liquids and Glasses, vol. 45, ed by H. Ehrenreich, D. Turnbull, (Academic Press: Boston, 1991)Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    F. P. Price: in Nucleation, ed by A. E. Zettlemoyer, (Dekker, New York, 1969) ch 8Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    B. Wunderlich: Macromolecular Physics, Vol. 2 Crystal Nucleation, Growth, Annealing (Academic Press, New York, 1976)Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    J. D. Hoffman, R. L. Miller: Polymer 38, 3151 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    H. G. Zachman: Kolloid Z. Z. Polym. 216-217, 180 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    A. Keller: Philos. Mag. 2, 1171 (1957)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    D. C. Bassett, A. Keller: Philos. Mag. 6, 1053 (1961)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    M. Dosiere, M.-C. Colet, J. J. Point: in Morphology of Polymers, ed by B. Sedlacek, (de Gruyter, Berlin, 1986) p. 171Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    J. I. Lauritzen, J. D. Hoffman: J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 64, 73 (1960)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    J. D. Hoffman, J. I. Lauritzen: J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 65, 297 (1961)Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    J. D. Hoffman, G. T. Davis, J. I. Lauritzen: in Treatise on Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 3: Crystalline and Noncrystalline Solids, ed by N. B. Hannay, (Plenum Press, New York, 1976) p. 497Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. D. Hoffman, R. L. Miller: Polymer 38, 3151 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    J. P. Armistead, J. D. Hoffman: Macromolecules 35, 3895 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    S. Z. D. Cheng, B. Lotz: Polymer 46, 8662(2005)Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    R. Becker: Ann. Physik 32, 128 (1938)Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    D. Turnbull, J. C. Fisher: J. Chem. Phys. 17, 71 (1949)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    S. Umemoto, R. Hayashi, R. Kawano, T. Kikutani, N. Okui: J. Macromol. Sci. B42, 421 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    S. Umemoto, N. Okui: Polymer 43, 1423 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    N. Okui, S. Umemoto: in Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 606, ed by G. Reiter, J.-U. Sommer, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2003) p. 343Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    M. Nishi, M. Hikosaka, S. K. Ghosh, A. Toda, K. Yamada: Polym. J. 31, 749 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    S. K. Ghosh, M. Hikosaka, A. Toda: Colloid Polym. Sci. 279, 382 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    B. Wunderlich, L. Melillo: Makromol. Chem. 118, 250 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    G. Ungar: in Crystallization of Polymers, ed by M. Dosiere, (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1993)Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    H. D. Keith, F. J. Padden, Jr.: J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2409 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    H. D. Keith, F. J. Padden, Jr.: J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1270; 1286 (1964)Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    D. C. Bassett: Principles of Polymer Morphology, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1981) p. 103Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    U. W. Gedde: Polymer Physics (Chapman and Hall, London, 1995) p. 189Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    S. Z. D. Cheng, B. Wunderlich: J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Phys. Ed. 24, 577; 595 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    S. Z. D. Cheng, H.-S. Bu, B. Wunderlich: J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Phys. Ed. 26, 1947 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    U. W. Gedde: Prog. Colloid Polym. Sci. 87, 8 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    J. D. Hoffman: SPE Trans. 4, 315 (1964); see also [5]Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    P. H. Lindenmeyer, J. M. Peterson: J. Appl. Phys. 39, 4929 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    B. Wunderlich, A. Mehta: J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 12, 255 (1974)Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    A. Mehta, B. Wunderlich: Colloid Polym. Sci. 253, 193 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    B. Wunderlich: Faraday Discuss. 68, 239 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    H. S. Bu, Y. W. Pang, D. D. Song, T. Y. Yu, T. M. Voll, G. Czornnyj, B. Wunderlich: J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 29, 139 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    L. Z. Liu, F. Y. Su, H. S. Zhu, H. Li, E. L. Zhou, R. F. Yan, R. Y. Qian: J. Macromol. Sci., Phys. B 36, 195 (1997)Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    T. A. Kavassalis, P. R. Sundararajan: Macromolecules 26, 4144 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    X. Z. Yang, R. Y. Qian: Macromol. Theory Simul. 5, 75 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    S. Fujiwara, T. Sato: J. Chem. Phys. 107, 613 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    W.-B. Hu, D. Frenkel, V. B. F. Mathot: J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3455 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    W.-B. Hu, D. Frenkel: J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 3734 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    W.-B. Hu, D. Frenkel, V. B. F. Mathot: Macromolecules 36, 8178 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    H. Kraack, M. Deutsch, E. B. Sirota: Macromolecules 33, 6174 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    W.-B. Hu: Macromolecules 38, 8712 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    R. H. Glaser, L. Mandelkern: J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 26, 221 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    W.-B. Hu, D. Frenkel, V. B. F. Mathot: Macromolecules 36, 549 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    J. D. Hoffman: Polymer 24, 3 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenbing Hu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Coordination ChemistrySchool of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing UniversityNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations