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Applications of 1,1-Diphenylethylene Chemistry in Anionic Synthesis of Polymers with Controlled Structures

  • Roderic P. Quirk
  • Taejun Yoo
  • Youngjoon Lee
  • Jungahn Kim
  • Bumjae Lee
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 153)

Abstract

The use of 1,1-diphenylethylenes in anionic polymerization is reviewed. The structure and reactivity of 1,1-diphenylethylenes and the corresponding simple and polymeric 1,1-diphenylalkyllithiums are described. The applications of 1,1-diphenylethylene chemistry include:
  1. 1.

    Their use to form initiators

     
  2. 2.

    End-capping agents to attenuate reactivity for crossover to reactive, polar monomers or for functionalization reactions

     
  3. 3.

    For chain-end and in-chain functionalization using substituted 1,1-diphenylethylenes and 1,1-diarylethylenes

     
  4. 4.

    The preparation and applications of non-homopolymerizable 1,1-diphenylethylene-functionalized macromonomers

     
  5. 5.

    The use of bis(1,1-diphenylethylenes) and tris(1,1-diphenylethylenes) as precursors for hydrocarbon-soluble dilithium and trilithium initiators, respectively

     
  6. 6.

    The use of bis(1,1-diphenylethylenes) and tris(1,1-diphenylethylenes) as living linking agents to prepare heteroarm (miktoarm) star-branched polymers

     

Keywords

Anionic polymerization Living anionic polymerization 1,1-Diphenylalkyllithiums Functionalized polymers Block copolymers Macromonomers Star-branched polymers Dilithium initiators Trilithium initiators Multifunctional initiators Living linking reactions Heteroarm star polymers Miktoarm star polymers 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roderic P. Quirk
    • 1
  • Taejun Yoo
    • 1
  • Youngjoon Lee
    • 1
  • Jungahn Kim
    • 2
  • Bumjae Lee
    • 3
  1. 1.Maurice Morton Institute of Polymer ScienceThe University of AkronAkronUSA
  2. 2.Division of PolymersKorea Institute of Science and TechnologySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of Fine Chemicals Engineering and ChemistryChungnam National UniversityTaejonKorea

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