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Polymers from Renewable Resources

  • Margaretha Söderqvist Lindblad
  • Yan Liu
  • Ann-Christine Albertsson
  • Elisabetta Ranucci
  • Sigbritt Karlsson
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 157)

Abstract

From the point of view of making novel polymers with inherent environment-favorable properties such as renewability and degradability, a series of interesting monomers are found in the metabolisms and cycles of nature. This review presents and discusses a number of aliphatic polyesters which show interesting applications as biomedical materials and degradable packages. Available from nature are amino acids, microbial metabolites from the conversion of glucose and other monosaccharides (e.g., acetic acid, acetone, 2,3-butanediol, butyric acid, isopropanol, propionic acid), lactic acid, ethanol and fatty acids. A series of biodegradable polymers with different properties and different potential industrial uses were made starting with succinic acid and/or 1,3-propanediol. There were two routes for making the polyester-based materials; the direct ring-opening polymerization of lactones (cyclic esters) synthesized from 1,3-propanediol, and the chain-extension of α,ω-dihydroxy-terminated oligomeric polyesters produced by thermal polycondensation of 1,3-propanediol and succinic acid (oligo(propylene succinate)s).

Keywords

Monomers from renewable resources Polymers from renewable resources 1,3-Propanediol Succinic acid Lactones Cyclohexanedimethanol Polyethyleneglycol Chain-extension Poly(ester-urethane)s Poly(ester-carbonate)s 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaretha Söderqvist Lindblad
    • 1
  • Yan Liu
    • 1
  • Ann-Christine Albertsson
    • 1
  • Elisabetta Ranucci
    • 1
  • Sigbritt Karlsson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Polymer TechnologyRoyal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

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