Minimize Mark-Up! Natural Writing Should Guide the Design of Textual Modeling Frontends

  • Markus Lepper
  • Baltasar Trancón y Widemann
  • Jacob Wieland
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2224)


Designing and implementing modeling frontends for domains in which text is predominant (it may be informal, semi-formal or formal) can and should benefit from using the evolving standard mark-up languages (SMGML and XML), since standardization of interfaces, transmission and storage protocols as well as many valuable tools “come for free”.

But the idiosyncratics of the existing mark-up concepts neither provide a structure clean enough to serve as foundation for syntax and semantics of exact modeling frontends, nor do they offer an input format feasible for text-based data maintanance.

Direct Document Denotation (DDD) as presented in this paper tries to remedy these defects: (1) it abstracts from the rough edges of XML, (2) it realizes a practical frontend processor for denotation of structured documents with special considerations to disabled users and voice controlled input, — and (3) is described completely and mathematically precise as a small system of transformation relations.

The theoretical basics and practical issues of DDD are discussed and a case study is reported.


Data Acquisition Semi-Formal Data Accesibility inter language working XML Document Object Model DOM data binding SCHEMA 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Lepper
    • 1
  • Baltasar Trancón y Widemann
    • 1
  • Jacob Wieland
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät IV, ÜBB, Sekr. FR 5-13Technische Universität BerlinBerlin

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