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Transport in Semiconductor Superlattices: From Quantum Kinetics to Terahertz-Photon Detectors

  • A. P. Jauho
  • A. Wacker
  • A. A. Ignatov
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 547)

Abstract

Semiconductor superlattices are interesting for two distinct reasons: the possibility to design their structure (band-width(s), doping, etc.) gives access to a large parameter space where different physical phenomena can be explored. Secondly, many important device applications have been proposed, and then subsequently successfully fabricated. A number of theoretical approaches has been used to describe their current-voltage characteristics, such as miniband conduction, Wannier-Stark hopping, and sequential tunneling. The choice of a transport model has often been dictated by pragmatic considerations without paying much attention to the strict domains of validity of the chosen model. In the first part of this paper we review recent efforts to map out these boundaries, using a first- principles quantum transport theory, which encompasses the standard models as special cases. In the second part, focusing in the mini-band regime, we analyze a superlattice device as an element in an electric circuit, and show that its performance as a THz-photon detector allows significant optimization, with respect to geometric and parasitic effects, and detection frequency. The key physical mechanism enhancing the responsivity is the excitation of hybrid Bloch-plasma oscillations.

Keywords

Boltzmann Equation Series Resistance Peak Current Density Superconducting Tunnel Junction Bloch Oscillation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. Jauho
    • 1
  • A. Wacker
    • 2
  • A. A. Ignatov
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Mikroelektronik CentretTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.Institute für Theoretische PhysikTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Physics of MicrostructuresRussian Academy of ScienceNizhny NovgorodRussia

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