What’s in an Image?

  • Gilberto Câmara
  • Max J. Egenhofer
  • Frederico Fonseca
  • Antônio Miguel Vieira Monteiro
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2205)


This paper discusses the ontological status of remote sensing images, from a GIScience perspective. We argue that images have a dual nature—they are fields at the measurement level and fiat objects at the classification level—and that images have an ontological description of their own, distinct and independent from the domain ontology a domain scientist uses. This paper proposes a multi-level ontology for images, combining both field and object approaches and distinguishing between image and user ontologies. The framework developed contributes to the design of a new generation of integrated GISs, since two key benefits are achieved: (1) the support for multiple perspectives for the same image and (2) an emphasis on using images for the detection of spatial-temporal configurations of geographic phenomena.


GIScience remote sensing images ontology of geographic data integrated GIS 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilberto Câmara
    • 1
  • Max J. Egenhofer
    • 2
  • Frederico Fonseca
    • 2
  • Antônio Miguel Vieira Monteiro
    • 1
  1. 1.Image Processing DivisionInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas EspaciaisSão José dos Campos - SPBrazil
  2. 2.National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and Department of Spatial Information Science and EngineeringUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

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