Spatial Reasoning: No Need for Visual Information

  • Markus Knauff
  • Corinne Jola
  • Gerhard Strube
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2205)


One of the central questions of spatial reasoning research is whether the underlying processes are inherently visual or spatial. The article reports a dual-task experiment that was conducted to explore the visual and/or spatial nature of human spatial reasoning. The main tasks were inferences based on a spatial version of the interval calculus introduced by Allen (1983). The secondary tasks were presented visually or acoustically, and were either spatial or non-spatial. The results indicate that spatial reasoning is mainly based on the construction and inspection of spatial layouts, whereas no evidence of the involvement of visual representations and processes was found.


Primary Task Secondary Task Mental Imagery Suppression Condition Spatial Reasoning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Knauff
    • 1
  • Corinne Jola
    • 2
  • Gerhard Strube
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Cognitive ScienceUniversity of FreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ZürichSwitzerland

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