Visualising Cardiac Anatomy Using Constructive Volume Geometry

  • Min Chen
  • Richard H. Clayton
  • Arun V. Holden
  • John V. Tucker
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2674)


In this paper, we describe the application of a new volume graphics technique, namely constructive volume geometry, to the visualisation of cardiac anatomy and electrophysiology. We exploit the fact that field-based data types underlie the computational process in both the virtual engineering of the heart and volume graphics. We demonstrate the capability of constructive volume geometry in generating combinational visualisations that depict meaningful information extracted from different cardiac data sets. We also show the capability of volume graphics in displaying the interiors of anatomical structures through effective use of opacity and combinational operators.


Computational Simulation Spatial Object Cardiac Anatomy Real Domain Combinational Operator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Baxter, W.T., Moronov, S.F., Zaitsev, A.V., Jalife, J., Pertsov, A.M.: Visualising excitation waves inside cardiac muscle using transillumination. Biophysical J. 80 (2001) 516–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen, M., Clayton, R.H., Holden, A.V., Tucker, J.V.: Constructive volume geometry applied to visualisation of cardiac anatomy and electrophysiology. Int. J. Bifurcation and Chaos 12 (2003) in pressGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen, M., Winter, A.S., Rodgman, D., Treavett, S.M.F.: Enriching volume modelling with scalar fields. Data Visualization: The State of the Art, Post, F., Nielson, G., Bonneau, G.-P. (eds). Kluwer Academic Publishers (2003) 345–362Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen, M., Silver, D., Winter, A.S., Singh, V., Cornea, N.: Spatial transfer functions — a unified approach to specifying deformation in volume modeling and animation. to appear in Proc. Volume Graphics 2003, Tokyo, Japan (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chen, M., Tucker, J.V.: Constructive volume geometry. Computer Graphics Forum 19:4 (2000) 281–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chen, M.: Volume graphics. Encyclopedia of Microcomputers, Kent, A., Williams J.G. (eds). Marcel Dekker, New York (2000) 363–387Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Clayton, R.H., Holden, A.V.: Dynamics and interaction of filaments in a computational model of re-entrant ventricular fibrillation. Physics in Medicine and Biology 47 (2002) 1777–1792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kaufman, A., Cohen, D., Bagel, R.: Volume graphics. IEEE Computer 26:7 (1993) 51–64Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Leg rice, I., Hunter, P., Young, A., Small, B.: The architecture of the heart: a data-based model. Phil. Krans. Roy. Soc. Blond. A 359 (2001) 1217–1232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mourad, A., Baird, L., Caillerie, D., Jouk, P.-S., Raoult, A., Szafran, N., Usson, Y.: Geometrical modelling of the fibre organisation in the human left ventricle. Functional Imaging and Modelling of the Heart. (eds) Katila, T., Magnin, I.E., Clarysse, P., Montagnat. J. Nenonen, J. LNCS 2230 Springer Verlag, Berlin. (2002) 32–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Requicha, A.A.G.: Representations for rigid solids: theory, methods and systems. ACM Computing Surveys 12:4 (1980) 437–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Torenrent-Guasp, F.: The Cardiac Muscle Madrid: Fundacion Juan. March (1973)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vetter, J.J., McCulloch, A.D.: Three-dimensional analysis for electrophysiological models of myocardium. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 69 (1998) 157–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wellner, M., Berenfeld, O., Jalife, J., Pertsov, A.M.: Minimal principal for rotor filaments. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 99 (2002) 8015–8018CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min Chen
    • 1
  • Richard H. Clayton
    • 2
  • Arun V. Holden
    • 2
  • John V. Tucker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of Wales SwanseaUK
  2. 2.School of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of LeedsUK

Personalised recommendations