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Today’s and Tomorrow’s Medical Imaging

  • Artur Przelaskowski
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2124)

Abstract

Biomedical Engineering in present form started its developing since the late 1960’s and includes engineering applications in physiology and medicine, such as Biomechanics, Biomedical Instrumentation, Bioelectrical processes, Biocontrol systems, Biomedical signal and image processing, Medical informatics and others. In last decades Medical Imaging (MI) started to play important role in innovatory solutions and applications of biomedical engineering. In our presentation current trends of medical imaging development are considered. We mean an interesting projects, the ideas currently developed in labs and many research centers. Underlying our research leaded in many areas of medical imaging, nuclear and medical engineering, in collaborations with several medical and biomedical centers and institutes of physics and nuclear science, we intended to present a quick review of the most hopeful research directions. -What is important, and worth of work with? -Is the medical imaging dynamically developing science of the useful applications, truly important in an information society development, able to cumulate the resources and interests of youth? Subjectively, we tried to find the answers considering the following topics:
  • functional imaging of organs and tissues: PET (brain), SPECT (circulatory system, organs), MRI (brain, circulatory system, organs), CT(circulatory system, organs); dynamic imaging of heart and blood vessels, blood supply of liver and kidneys, etc., 2-D and even 3-D perfusion maps, statistical flow models and objective computable parameters required to be standardized (EBCT, dynamic MRI, even US Power Doopler);

  • image detectors (PET, radiography, CT), detection systems (SPECT), detectors (scintillators), sensors with amorphous silicon and selenium in digital radiography, x-ray tubes with laser beam irradiation;

  • virtual endoscopy (bronchoscophy, gastroscophy);

  • telemedicine, means protocols, network switches, satellite connectors, and PACS, DICOM servers, indexed data basis, Hospital Information Systems, remote health care, interactive consultations, patient and family

  • education, structure of safety access, hierarchical exam evaluation, teleconferences, inspection and quality control, etc.;

  • medical image compression, JPEG2000 and other encoding lossy and lossless techniques necessary for efficient data storing and progressive transmission,

  • computer-aided diagnosis: the examples of improvements in digital mammography, ultrasound systems; image-guided surgery and therapy, multimodal systems (PET, MRI, CT), 3-D imaging (acquisition, reconstruction) for various medical systems;

  • physics of medical imaging, image and signal processing, physiology and function from multidimensional images, visualization and display procedures, image perception, observer performance, image quality evaluation tests and technology assessment; and others.

Because of such wide range of these image engineering applications it is very difficult to select the most important perspective research. Presented ones were chosen to show the important from our point of view proofs of MI support necessity in modern diagnosis and therapy. Therefore, more elements of MI should be included in medical education at the Universities and propagated by Society organizations. An important conclusions derived from our study depicts predicted sources of increasing industrial development of MI and a role of MI which is expected to play in a future hospital clinical service.

Keywords

medical imaging systems image processing and analysis telemedicine 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Artur Przelaskowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of RadioelectronicsWarsaw University of TechnologyWarszawa

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