The Sentient Map and Its Application to the Macro University E-Learning Environment

  • Shi-Kuo Chang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1929)


The sentient map is a new paradigm for visual information retrieval. It enables the user to view data as maps, so that gestures, more specifically c-gestures, can be used for the interaction between the user and the multimedia information system. Different c-gestures are then dynamically transformed into spatial/temporal queries, or σ-queries, for multimedia information sources and databases. An e-learning environment called the Macro University serves as a test bed to evaluate this approach.


Time Slice Query Result Information Space Video Source Mouse Click 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    S. K. Chang and E. Jungert, Symbolic Projection for Image Information Retrieval and Spatial Reasoning, Academic Press, 1996.Google Scholar
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    S. K. Chang and E. Jungert, “A Spatial Query Language for Multiple Data Sources Based Upon Sigma-Operator Sequences”, International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems, Vol. 7, No. 2&3, 1998, 167–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    A. Chever et al., “A Unified Framework for Constructing Multimodal Experiments and Applications”, CMC’98, Tilburg, The Netherlands, 1998, 63–69.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shi-Kuo Chang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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