Advertisement

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    Barbut F, Leluan P, Antoniotti G, Collignon A, Sedallian A, Petit JC (1995) Value of routine stool cultures in hospitalized patients with diarrhea. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 14: 346–349PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bartlett AV, Moore M, Gary GW, Starko KM, Erben JJ, Meredith BA (1985) Diarrheal illness among infants and toddlers in day care centers. II. Comparison with day care homes and households. J Pediatr 107: 503–509PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bauer TM, Lalvani A, Fehrenbach J et al. (2001) Derivation and validation of guidelines for stool cultures for enteropathogenic bacteria other than Clostridium difficile in hospitalized adults. JAMA 285: 313–319PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bini EJ, Cohen J (1998) Diagnostic yield and cost-effectiveness of endoscopy in chronic human immunodeficiency virus-related diarrhea. Gastrointest Endosc 48: 354–361PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Donowitz M, Kokke FT, Saidi R (1995) Evaluation of patients with chronic diarrea. New Engl J Med 332: 725–729PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fan K, Morris AJ, Reller LB (1993) Application of rejection criteria for stool cultures for bacterial enteric pathogens.J Clin Microbiol 31: 2233–2235Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guerrant RL, Hughes JM, Lima NL, Crane JK (1990) Diarrhea in developed and developing countries: magnitude, special settings, and etiologies. Rev Infect Dis 12(Suppl 1): S41–S50PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guerrant RL, Steiner TS (2000) Principles and syndromes of enteric infections. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R (eds) Principles and practice of infectious diseases. 5th ed., Churchill Livingstone, Philadelphia London Toronto, pp 1076–1093Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Guerrant RL, van Gilder T, Steiner TS et al. (2001) Practice guidelines for the management og infectious diarrhea. Clin Infect Dis 32: 331–350PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hines J, Nachamkin I (1996) Effective use of clinical microbiology laboratory for diagnosing diarrheal diseases. Clin Inf Dis 23: 1292–1301Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Johnson S, Gerding DN (1998) Clostridium dificile-associated diarrhea. Clin Infect Dis 26: 1027–1034PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kelly CP, LaMont JT (1998) Clostridium difficile infection. Annu Rev Med 49: 375–390PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kelly CP, Pothoulakis C, LaMont JT (1994) Clostridium difficile colitis. N Engl J Med 330: 257–262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kist M (1986) Vergleichende Untersuchung zu Inzidenz, Klinik und epidemiologischen Risikofaktoren der infektiösen Enteritis. Habilitationsschrift. Universitätsbibliothek FreiburgGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kist M (1998) Yersiniosen. In: Thomas L (Hrsg) Labor und Diagnose. 5. Auflage. TH-Books Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Frankfurt/Main, S 1243–1247Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kist M (2000) Chronische Diarrhöe — Stellenwert der Mikrobiologie in der Diagnostik. Praxis 89: 1559–1565PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kist M (2001) Campylobacter jejuni/coli und Guillain-Barré Syndrom. In: Infektiologie — Aktuelle Aspekte. Jahrbuch 2001/2002. Springer Wien, S 101–112Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kist M, Bereswill S (2001) Campylobacter jejuni. In: Mühldorfer I, Schäfer KP (eds) Emerging bacterial pathogens. Contrib Microbiol, vol. 8, Karger, Basel, pp 150–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kist M, Bockemühl J, Aleksic S et al. (2000) MiQ 9. Infektionen des Darms. In: Mauch H, Lütticken R, Gatermann S (Hrsg) Qualitätsstandards in der mikrobiologisch-infektiologischen Diagnostik, Urban & Fischer, München Jena, S 1–62Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kist M, Freitag S (2000) Risk factors and clinical features of Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Enteritidis: a study in South-West Germany. Epidemiol Infect 124: 383–392PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Knapp W (1989) Enterale Yersiniosen. Klinische Verlaufsformen, Bedeutung und Diagnose. Dt Ärzteblatt 77: 1671–1676Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lyerly DM, Krivan HC, Wilkins TD (1988) Clostridium difficile: its disease and toxins. Clin Microbiol Rev 1: 1–18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    McFarland LV (1995) Epidemiology of infectious and iatrogenic nosocomial in a cohort of general medicine patients. Am J Infect Control 23: 295–305PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    McFarland LV (1998) Epidemiology, risk factors and treatments for antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Dig Dis 16: 292–307PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    McFarland LV, Surawicz CM, Stamm WE (1999) Risk factors of Clostridium difficile carriage and C. difficile-associated diarrhea in a cohort of hospitalized patients. J Infect Dis 162: 678–684Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nataro JP, Kaper JB (1998) Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. Clin Microbiol Rev 11: 142–201PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Neill MA, Opal SM, Heelan J et al. (1991) Failure of ciprofloxacin to eradicate convalescent fecal excretion after acute salmonellosis: experience during an outbreak in health care workers. Ann Intern Med 114: 195–199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nelson JD, Kusmiesz H, Jackson LH, Woodman E (1980) Treatment of salmonella gastroenteritis with ampicillin, amoxicillin, or placebo. Pediatrics 65: 1125–1130PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ozerek AE, Gopal Rao G (1999) Is routine screening for conventional enteric pathogens necessary in sporadic hospital-acquired diarrhoea? J Hosp Infect 41: 159–163PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Robert Koch-Institut (1997) Empfehlungen zur Verbesserung der diagnostischen Erfassung und zum standardisierten Vorgehen bei der mikrobiologischen Diagnostik von EHEC-Infektionen beim Menschen. Epidemiol Bull 39/97: 270–271Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Robert Koch-Institut (2004a) Meldepflichtige Infektionskrankheiten — Jahresstatistik 2003. Epidemiologisches Bulletin 16/2004: 134–135Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Robert Koch-Institut (2004b) Aktuelle Statistik meldepflichtiger Infektionskrankheiten. Epidemiologisches Bulletin 43/2004: 372–373Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rohner P, Pittet D, Nije-Linge T, Auckenthaler R (1997) Etiological agents of infectious diarrhea: implications for requests for microbiological culture. J Clin Microbiol 35: 1427–1432PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Taylor DN, Connor BA, Shlim DR (1999) Chronic diarrhea in the returned traveler. Travel Med 83: 1033–1052Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Weber R, Ledergerber B, Zbinden R et al. (1999) Enteric infections and diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons. Arch Intern Med 159: 1473–1480PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wong CS, Lelacic S, Habeb RL, Watkins SL, Tarr PI (2000) The risk of hemolytic-uremic syndrome after antibiotic treatment of Escherichia coli O157: H7 infections. N Engl J Med 342: 1930–1936PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Kist
    • 1
  1. 1.Abt. Mikrobiologie und HygieneUniversitätsklinikum FreiburgFreiburg

Personalised recommendations