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Epidemiologie und Diagnostik der Helicobacter pylori-Infektion

  • B. Braden
  • M. Kist
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Die Helicobacter pylori-Infektion ist die zweithäufigste bakterielle Infektionskrankheit des Menschen. Über die Hälfte der Weltbevölkerung ist mit diesem Organismus infiziert (Suerbaum u. Michetti 2002). Forschungsergebnisse der letzten Jahre haben gezeigt, dass Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) den Menschen wahrscheinlich bereits seit der Entstehung der Spezies Homo sapiens bei seiner Wanderung »out of Africa« und der folgenden Besiedlung der Welt begleitet hat (Falush et al. 2003). Obwohl die Prävalenz der Infektion in den westlichen Industrieländern zurückgeht, verursacht die H. pylori-Infektion weiterhin etwa 500.000 Todesfälle durch Magenkarzinom pro Jahr (Levi et al. 2004). Auch die anderen Folgekrankheiten der H. pylori-Infektion, wie Ulkuskrankheit, Magenschleimhautatrophie und MALT-Lymphom rufen erhebliche Morbidität und Mortalität hervor.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Braden
    • 1
  • M. Kist
    • 2
  1. 1.Aylesbury, OxfordUK/England
  2. 2.Abt. Mikrobiologie und HygieneUniversitätsklinikum FreiburgFreiburg

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